For the love of reading…


Love ReadingI wasn’t a reader of books as a child. In fact I despised reading. I only remember reading Ramona Quimby Age 8 and a book about Mary Lou Retton. I never participated in the reading competitions where you had to fly your rocket to each planet for every hour you read. Only once did I participate. It was because my teacher made me. And I wasn’t happy. I wandered library shelves looking at covers, wasting the time until our teacher told us to line up. Then I’d grab something last minute then shove it in my desk until the day it had to be returned. I just didn’t have time to read. I needed to run, ride by bike, and do cartwheels. But that wasn’t the problem…

If you knew me now you’d laugh at that story of my childhood. I now love books. They are shoved into every nook of our home and my classroom. I talk about books like they are my friends, saying things like, “This book will change your life forever.” I can’t walk into a bookstore without walking out with a new adventure in my hand. I scavenge thrift stores and the Friends of the Library store for new books to add to my collection. I’m embarrassed to admit that once, my husband found me in a thrift store with a stack of books in my arms that I was preventing from falling by holding my chin down on them. My husband laughed at me and said, “No way… we are on a road trip and there just isn’t room in the car!”

My daughters’ rooms are littered with books as well. Just two days ago my youngest daughter cried when we weren’t going to have enough time to get to the library for her to get the next book in her series. My oldest soaks up books and is left craving for more at all times. In fact, I might even say she has read more books than me and she is only 11 years old!

Why is it so different for my daughters?
Why do they love to read?
Why didn’t I have that as a child?
And more importantly, how can we as educators continue to inspire my daughters’ love of books?

Please read this post by Pernille Ripp, titled The Five Truths of Reading.

Let’s help children find a love of reading and nurture that.

This week for Share #YourEdustory, we were challenged with sharing a book that has inspired us as our summer reading. I constantly refer to The Book Whisperer by Donalyn Miller. Her book justified my philosophy of keeping the element of choice alive in your reading program. Nothing kills motivation more than being told you MUST read this book. In addition, Donalyn speaks to the journey of finding books that inspire children. We must actively get to know our students so that we can find the books that hook the readers in our classroom. Because sometimes it just takes one book or one genre that will hook that reluctant reader in your classroom. It may be just one book that sparks a love for reading.

Share #YourEdustory.


App Differently [SDCUE 2013 session]


No longer does our old pedagogy match the changing world that is all around us.

Our students today deserve more. They deserve more time creating; less time filling out bubbles. They deserve more time collaborating; and less time sitting quietly at their desks filling out worksheets. They deserve more time communicating in ways they never imagined possible. And they deserve to be challenged to think critically about the world around them.

Some of the biggest critics of students using technology in the classroom visualize “zombie” children mindlessly clicking away on their screens. Well I am here to shout from the rooftops that when implemented correctly, technology integration can redefine how students learn in your classroom.

Take a look at Ruben R. Puentedura‘s SAMR model.

Or watch the simplified version of the SAMR model here.

In order to reach the Modification and Redefinition level, you need to take an honest look at how you integrate iOS apps into you classroom. Ask yourself these questions:

  • Are the apps my students using “creative apps”?
  • Are the apps my students using primarily “skill review” type of apps?
  • To read more about the difference between these types of apps visit this blog post.

In my classroom, I limit my students’ use of “skill review” apps because they really aren’t too different from a worksheet. Skill review apps promote  more drill type of activities. However, I have many “creative apps” for my students to access so they can use iOS apps to create, collaborate, communicate, and to think critically (4 Cs of the Common Core). This is how you can move to the modification and redefinition of the SAMR model. In my classroom my students and I, App Differently.

photo (13)

If you attended my session at SDCUE 2013 you may feel a tad overwhelmed by the number of amazing apps that I shared with you today. So have no fear, I have included a list of all the apps I discussed in my session and a few bonus ones as well. Also, in my presentation, I included student samples so  you could see how these apps can be used.

Creative Apps for the Classroom:

Sonic Pics, Storyrobe, or 30 Hands for digital storytelling, storyboarding, and reading skills.

Puppet Pals is a digital puppet theater that creates recorded movies of puppet shows.

Mad Lips allows you to make any image TALK! See my Talking Book Covers post here.

Trading Cards by Read Write Think allows you to create trading card about historical figures and characters from stories. Another great one by Read Write Think is Word Mover.

Comic Touch Lite or Zoodle are great for creating comic strips. I also use this app for reading strategy practice and for annotating pictures in science and social studies.

Popplet is a mind mapping app which can be used in a very substitution type of way. However if you think creatively you can use this app in a way that promotes critical thinking. I use this app for my students to document evidence from the text to support their opinions.

Pic Stitch plus Skitch to annotate images for any content area!

ThingLink creates a “touchable” image where students can type in information, place links, or videos right onto the picture. This is great for students to add to their blog posts.

Subtext is one of my favorite apps ever. My students love it too. With this app my students and I do collaborative reading.

Explain Everything is an app that allows you to screencast. I use this app in my flipped math class. My students even create videos to show what they know.

Evernote is a great teacher app. I use this app to monitor student progress during reading and writing conferences. I love that I can record a student reading aloud and keep a record of their oral reading.

Edmodo (or My Big Campus) are tools that allow your class to interact with each other. It is a “safe” social media for education.

Kidblog is a webpage and also an app. This is a blogging tool that will allow you to set up student blogs and monitor their posts and comments. You can have their blogs set to share with the world or only with each other in the class. Read my Kidblog poster here.

The camera can be your best too ever, too! Have students go outside and find evidence of geometry around school. Look for parallel lines, intersecting lines, acute angles, etc. Allow them to edit their images in Snapseed.

My favorite movie making apps are iMovie (paid) and Splice (free). iMovie’s trailers are a great tool for beginning videographers.

Vintagio is a wonderful silent moving making app. This is great for a classroom environment because students don’t have to worry about sound. Read my Vintagio post here.

Please come visit my blog often as I love to blog about how iOS apps can redefine learning. Also, I will begin blogging more about Google Apps for Education.



It’s Not WHAT App I Should I Use; It’s HOW Should I Use That App



Ladies and gentleman, please buckle your seat belts, we are are about to embark on a little flight through my iTunes cloud. There are a whopping 965 apps stuffed inside my cloud that I am certain at any moment apps will come raining out of the sky right onto my head.

One day after school I sat at my computer feeling a bit overwhelmed by the colossal amount of apps I had to sort through, when I suddenly  had my Newton moment. Except it wasn’t an apple that fell onto my head. But a virtual app falling from my over-stuffed iTunes cloud. I realized quite clearly, it is not WHAT app I should use in my classroom, but rather HOW I plan to use that app to promote student learning and engagement.

Each week when I sync my student iPods and update the apps I have selected for student learning, I thoroughly consider what apps I will upload and HOW I want my students to learn. My first thought is how will this app meet my students needs and engage learning? My overarching goal for all student learning is to utilize and promote the four C’s:  creativity, collaboration, use of critical thinking skills, and communication skills.

We should always consider: What apps are creative apps versus skill review apps?

Creative Apps are apps that can be used in more than one way and in multiple curricular areas. These types of apps usually foster innovative learning and support students to expand upon what they have learned. Creative apps are excellent ways to integrate project based learning and always have a variety of outcomes. They are easily adaptable to learning styles and can be differentiated to meet the needs of all learning levels. These apps always promote the 4 C’s: creativity, collaboration, use of critical thinking skills, and communication skills.

Skill review apps are quite different. This is the most common type of educational app out there and quite honestly, I have quite a large collection of these apps in my iTunes library (more than I could ever really need). Skill review apps provide a child a way to review a particular skill such as adding, subtracting, letter sounds, rhyming, etc. They often mimic a worksheet, in such a way that once the skill has been mastered, there isn’t much more that can be done with the app. The student outcomes are always the same and there is little to no innovation required. I have found students bore easily if this type of app is used too often. While it does sound like my opinion of these types of apps is a bit negative, I still think there is a place for these types of apps in our classroom, they just need to be used to focus on particular skills and should be refreshed often. I usually sync new skill review apps every week and delete old ones.

So next time you are cruising through your iTunes cloud contemplating WHAT app you should add to your students’ iPods or iPads, consider changing your thought pattern. Do reverse planning and think HOW do I want my students to use this app to create, collaborate, think critically, and communicate.

Here is a list of apps which I consider to be quality creative apps. The following apps can be used in a variety of ways and help to promote the 4 C’s:

Creative Apps

SimpleMind+: Mind mapping app that allows students to develop their ideas and add sensory details. Read more about this app in another blog post here. Free.

Sonic Pics: This app allows you to record audio over pictures thus creating a slideshow type movie. Students can use this app to create storyboards, show sequence of events, to summarize reading, or to promote asking questions. $2.99

Puppet Pals: Students can create digital puppet shows. You can use this app for pre-writing activities, to check for understanding, to show cause and effect, and to model science experiments.  iPad Link or iPod Link. You can read more about Puppet Pals in my blog post here. Free but there is an in app purchase that I highly recommend for $2.99

Mad Lips: This app allows you to make ANYTHING talk by allowing you to video record your lips talking. You spend hours laughing as you play with this app. You can use this app to animate objects in science, teach perspective, for special effects in movies, and to create “Talking Book Covers.” To read about this app more read my blog post here. Free Version or Paid $2.99

Comic Touch Lite: This app allows you to use photos to create comic books. Students can take a picture and add talking bubbles and thought bubbles. You can use this app as a making predictions activity, to create a short summary, annotate a picture in social studies or science, or to add thoughts a character may be having in the story. Free.

Strip Designer: This is a more advanced version of Comic Touch Lite. There are a lot more options in this app, but it isn’t free. $2.99

Evernote: This app has the following capabilities: word process, take pictures, and voice record. You can use this app to go paperless! Some ideas for this app is in writing, to practice reading fluency, for self-assessment in the form of a digital portfolio. Read more about this app on my blog post here. Free.

Scribble Press: This is an iPad only app that allows you to create books and illustrate. Read more about this here. Free.

LifeCards: This app is a postcard creator that allows you to take your own picture, write a letter, and email it to anyone! You can use this app to write a letter from the perspective of a character, practice friendly letter writing, write a letter to an author, or to write letters in social studies as a faux primary source. $1.99

Skype: This app allows you to video conference with wifi. You need to create an account then make arrangements to call other classrooms. If you are interested here is a link to the Mystery Skype Project who recently became the Mystery Location Calls. Visit Skype’s webpage to learn about it here. Or get together with a group of educators online. I found my first Skype through the #4thchat on Twitter. Free.

Edmodo: The simplest definition of Edmodo is that it is a social media network for education. However, Edmodo allows you to create assignments, quizzes, add photos, videos, links, and allows students to interact with each other online at school or at home. Free.

Movie Making

The following are my favorite movie making apps that can be used to promote the 4 C’s. Movies are made based on curriculum standards. These are listed in order from my least favorite to absolute LOVE IT!

Splice (free)

FiLMic Pro 2 ($4.99)

iMovie ($4.99)

Vintagio ($1.99)


 Quality Skill Review Apps


Counting Coins (Free)


Splash Math There are several Splash Math apps for each grade level. They have iPods and iPad versions. They are quite pricey however, you are able to set the app up so you can monitor student progress. They are aligned with standards and review each of the 5 strands of math. Free-$9.99

Baseball: I really like the McGraw Hill apps as they are aligned with standards and have engaging gaming elements that do not distract from the learning and reviewing of math concepts. $1.99

Sushi Monster: This app reviews addition and multiplication. I like this app because it has a variety of levels and requires critical thinking strategies. This app takes a long time to master and can be accessed by students with varying math levels. The game is engaging, too! Free.

Word Work:

Spelling City:  I was waiting and waiting for this app to come out! And when it did I was very please with the results. This app allows your students to access your SpellingCity lists and play the spelling games on their iPods/iPads. Free.

Bee Spelled LiteThis game allows students to practice their spelling patterns in an engaging way. It has a bit of violence, but it is extremely engaging to boys! Free.

BoggleThis is played just like the real game. This is a great way to practice spelling patterns. There is a free version or the paid version is $0.99


Mad LibsCreate free Mad Libs. There is an in app purchase if you would like more Mad Lib books.


Grammar Jammers: This is a great app to review grammar skills. It has a series of lessons and songs to help review grammar. There is a free and paid version. The paid versions have an elementary version and a middle edition.

Same Sound Spell BoundPractice homophones! Free.


Opposite OceanPractice antonyms. Free.


Dictionary Apps

Dictionary.comI use this app mostly for word meanings and for the amazing thesaurus. Free.


Webster MerriamI use this app to look up the spelling of words because it has a a voice to text option. Free.


This blog post goes with a presentation that I have given numerous times. Follow this link to find out more about my presentations.





Lose the Binder: Use Evernote in Your Classroom

It’s been almost three weeks since my first ISTE conference and the wheels continue to turn or better said, spin wildly! This is by far the largest and most inspiring education conference I have ever been to and has resulted in creating new life in my ed tech world. While I spend a lot of time reading blogs and professional articles and following extremely inspiring educators on Twitter, I was able to take all the ideas I have been gathering and really plant some solid seeds into next year’s plan for my classroom. Another plus, was actually meeting and networking with some of the very same teachers I follow and network with on Twitter.
     Now I have been formulating all of the ideas into my head for long enough and it is about time to put them down on my blog. This will be a series of blog entries because as I sit here and think about everything I want to write about I find myself overwhelmed with writer’s block. So as a cure to this, I am posting in smaller chunks. I hope you enjoy and can take at least one new piece of edtech awesomeness away with you!
Lose the Binder: Use Evernote in Your Classroom
Remember the good ol’ days of getting your brand new Trapper Keeper? You stuffed it full of tabs, pencils pouches, and fresh clean college ruled paper. Then after a year of sub-organization, with papers falling out, you place that Trapper Keeper on the bookshelf never to be looked at again. Now imagine the world for our students where Trapper Keepers and binders were considered a blast from the past. Imagine a world where your students carried their digital binder from grade to grade collecting work from their past years of schooling. Essentially, collecting a history of learning and a digital portfolio all at the same time. That time has come and Evernote is that digital binder of the future.
     If you use Evernote for your personal use, then you know all too well how wonderfully simple and amazing the Evernote app is. When I first began using Evernote, I downloaded it so I could take notes there rather than using the iPhone/iPad’s built in notes. I was amazed how easily it synced with my iPad, iPod, iPhone, and desktop. Then as I began to dig deeper into Evernote’s capabilities I began to see the potential of this app in the classroom.
Here are the functions that make Evernote amazing for use in a classroom:
  • Note taking (word processing)
  • List maker
  • Audio recording
  • Snapshots (take pictures)
  • Tag notes for searching and filing ease
  • With the Premium version you are able to search items in all notebooks (including words in images and handwritten words)
  • With the Premium version, students can share work with you (but not in real time like in Google Docs)
     The first thing that came to mind was to use Evernote as my student’s word processing tool. I have a 1:1 iPod classroom and this made writing and publishing of student work a fun and easy process. However, after listening to Nick Provenzano (@thenerdyteacher) speak about his full integration of Evernote into his high school English class (at #ISTE12) I was inspired on a whole new level. He is part of a 1:1 iPad program and claims that once he introduced Evernote to his students they took to it immediately and wanted to use it for all of their classes for note-taking and word processing. He explained how Evernote is like a binder that a student can carry with them from year to year. Each year a student can collect all of their learning in one location and essentially, indirectly or purposely, compile a digital portfolio.
     Nick has so fully integrated Evernote into his teaching that he is now paperless! He has scanned all of his assignments and teaching tools and has them stored in notebooks in Evernote. Nick said last school year he made only 240 copies! In addition, instead of carrying home crates of writing projects to grade each day, he just walks on out with his iPad. That is truly phenomenal.
Instantly my mind was turning with new ideas to integrate Evernote into my classroom. Here they are:
  • Have students create notebooks for their projects. They can then email me their entire notebook as their final project.
  • Create digital writing portfolios
  • Use Evernote to capture pictures of their artwork (from our art program). Students can include either a written reflection about their piece or an audio recording.
  • Students can use the audio recording to record their final fluency practice. This can be turned in with a written reflection (using a kid-friendly rubric).
  • With the premium version (teacher only) I will have students share their writing with me. I will then be able to comment on their work or attach an audio recording of my reflection of their work. Imagine the time I will save and the documentation I will be able to gather!
  • Students can access their work on their iPods, in the computer lab, and even on their devices at home.
  • Students can email their work to you.
  • Teach my students to take notes using Evernote fully utilizing snapshots.
  • Use Evernote to document my Daily 5 reading conferences. I can even use the audio recording to record students reading aloud. Read this blog for more information: Evernote as a Reading 1 on 1 Conference Tool 
Great Evernote links from other amazing educators:

If you have more ideas to add, please add them into the comment area! I love hearing what everyone else is doing.
Thank you,
Jo-Ann Fox

10 Best Summertime Apps!


I am not just speaking here as a teacher in this post, but also as a parent. Summer is a time for running around the backyard in sprinklers and long lazy days at the beach. However, there are aggravating times when the kids say, “I’m bored” or “I have nothing to do.”

Then there are the long road trips. We have a 12 hour drive to Mt. Shasta ahead of us. I know my kids are great with entertaining themselves in the car (and no… we don’t have a DVD player in our van). But I am also not unprepared. I know the inevitable moments will arise when they will begin arguing about whose arm crossed the invisible line and who looked at who in a funny way. I know these are the moments when I need to bust out the good ol’ iPad and iPod.

Please note, I am not a huge advocate of constantly reaching for a screen to solve the summer boredom problems. In fact, I happen to believe kids are never bored, that more often than not, they have run out of creative play options and need guidance or redirection into a new game. Also, I believe in using iPods and iPads as a learning tool rather than a gaming device. I do limit my own kids’ time with apps such as Angry Birds and encourage, more educationally based games.With that said, here are some great apps that will not only help ease those irritable summer boredom moments but also provide a fun learning experience for your child:
1. Splash Math
This is a math skills based app, but what I really like about this app is in the settings you can have the app email you a progress report letting you know what math skills your child has practiced and how well they progressed. This is for the iPhone, iPod, and iPad. This app is pretty pricey for the iPad but today I noticed the iPhone apps were free! My second graders loved this app as they were able to review skills they learned in class and there is a gaming function to the app that allows you to earn items for your aquarium. There is an app for each grade level from 1st through 5th. Each app has activities for each of the math strands. Link to Splash Math in the AppStore: First, Second, Third, Fourth, Fifth

2. K12 Money and Counting Coins:
Most children need to review money concepts and both of these apps are FREE! The great thing about these apps are they have a variety of review options. Your child can choose: counting money (you count the coins and tell the amount), show me the money (they give you an amount and you place the coins needed), making change (you show how much change is needed), matching amounts (showing a different combination of coins showing the same amount), and show values (you place money on the table and it shows you how much there is). This app also allows you to personalize by selecting easy, medium, and hard levels. Both are iPod/iPhone apps.

3. Mad Libs:
There is no better to way to practice parts of speech than by creating hilariously silly stories with Mad Libs. The Mad Lib app is free and with the free version you get one free book called “Vacation Fun Mad Libs.” You can also purchase more Mad Libs books and each book is $3.99 (but that is the price of a real Mad Lib book so this just may be worth it for those long drives). This is fun for the ENTIRE family. iPhone/iPod only.


4. Hangman:
This is a fun interactive game that my daughters and I love to play while waiting in doctor’s office waiting rooms or on long drives. There are many hangman apps out there, but this particular one is free. It does have ads, but what I love about it is that it allows you to create your own hangman games. My daughter constantly tries to stump me, but I am unstoppable! 🙂 You can use this app to help your child (in a fun way) to review words you know they have a difficult time spelling. I plan on using this one on our road trip with a destination theme to our words! iPhone/iPod only.

5. Bee Spelled:
This app has a free and a paid version. I allowed my second graders to use this app for a short time and they loved the free version. However, they did need a little coaching about how to best play this game. With a few word making strategies such as applying word family concepts, they were able to master this game and defeat the evil cat! Yes, this is a spelling/word work app with a gaming (and timed) element that quickly becomes an app favorite with kids. If you are super strict about non-violence, you may not like this app. There is an element of good versus evil battling. The bigger the word you create, the more “bee power” you have. Free or $1.99 for full version. Link to lite version. Link to paid version. iPhone/iPod version only.

6. Word Warrior:
I was able to download this app a long time ago for free and my second graders quickly fell in love with this app. Again, this app has an element of good versus evil battling (so check out the free version if you are worried). This is another word working app that has a highly engaging gaming element that allows you to conquer levels and earn powers as you head along your path to the castle. Much like the Bee Spelled app, help your child be more successful by showing them word family concepts. This app is only $0.99 (link)! Lite version link here.

7. BrainPop:
BrainPop is an app that stemmed from their educational website (account required for the website). This app has a featured movie of the day. Kids love the adorable robot Moby who learns about the world with his human sidekick Tim. Each movie is an educational journey about a variety of topics followed by a quiz to ensure comprehension. Along with the daily featured movies, there are a variety of other free movies to watch as well. This is a free app! There is a Spanish version, too! Link to English version. For iPhone/iPod/iPad.

8. Draw People:
This app teaches you step by step how to draw people. You get a variety of lessons from just one person, to drawing a group of people, to drawing people performing a variety of actions like jump rope. This app is designed for children and is a fantastic way to practice fine motor skills. This app will download on your iPod or iPhone but I believe works best on an iPad. This app is $1.99. iPhone/iPod version and iPad version (links).


9. Lifecards:
If you are on a road trip this is a great app to keep Grandma and Grandpa updated on your road trip adventures! In a nutshell, this app is a postcard creator that allows you to take your own picture, write a letter, and email it to anyone! This app costs $1.99. For the iPhone/iPod/iPad.

10. eBooks from Oceanhouse Media: I happen to love the Oceanhouse Media ebooks. Oceanhouse Media was able to get the license for children’s book favorites such as Dr. Seuss, Berenstain Bears, Tacky the Penguin, and Little Critter. These books are interactive and allow the book to be read three different ways: read it myself, read to me, or auto play.  These apps can be pricey (ranging from $0.99-$11.99) but they are a great option when you are traveling as it will save a lot of space when packing (keeping you free from packing a bag of books)! Here are just a few of the Oceanhouse Media links:

Cat in the HatBerenstain Bears Big Bedtime Book, All By Myself- Little Critter, Tacky the Penguin

I hope everyone enjoys their summer and don’t forget… the most important thing about summer is getting outside and enjoying the sun with the family!

Jo-Ann Fox


Talking Book Covers Using Mad Lips


I have been sitting around with my daughters this summer break and playing with this hilarious app called Mad Lips(for the iPhone and iPod). The girls and I have been making short movies and rolling around on the ground laughing hysterically. And then BOOM! I thought, if we are having this much fun, so can my students!

That is when I came up with Talking Book Covers as a refreshing new way to do a book review, character analysis, or short and to the point book report. Talk about making a book report a fun (yes… I said the F-word.. FUN)! Remember, never take the fun out of reading and, boy, do regular old book reports do that.Now you can use the Mad Lips app (free) to take a picture of a favorite book and make a 15 second summary or book review. Here is how:

1. Read a book! 🙂

2. Write and practice a quick summary or book review. Here is my example using one of my all time favorite books, Because of Winn Dixie:

Here is what I started with:
Hi, I’m Winn Dixie. Yep, I am named after a grocery store. Its really a funny story. You should read this book and find out how I got my name and how I became Opal’s best friend. I came into Opal’s life at just the right time and little did she know all she needed was a dog to help her find her way in her new town. This is a great summer adventure to read during your summer break!

Here is what I had time to say:
Hi, I’m Winn Dixie. Yep, I am named after a grocery store. Its really a funny story. You should read this book and find out how I got my name and how I became Opal’s best friend. This is a great summer adventure to read during your summer break!

3. Open up Mad Lips app and take a photo of your book by selecting NEW.

4. Then select VIDEO and record. Be sure to hold your iPod steady because if the camera moves too much your lips will move out the “lip zone.” After you have recorded, resize the oval to match the size of your lips. When set select DONE.

5. Now adjust the size of your lips to match the character you wish to have talking. You can change the size, rotate the mouth, and even blend to make it appear more realistic. You can also change the sound of the voice but the free version only has three choices (geek, normal, or creep). Not my idea of great choices. So I just keep it normal.

6. Then select DONE. At this point select SAVE and SHARE, then SHARE again. You will then need to write a title (I would have my students put their name here) and a frame. Then select DONE.

7. It will create your video and save it to you photo album.
8. At this point I would have my students post their project on Edmodo, email it to me, or share out on the overhead as a class.Here is my sample:

Free version has ads. You can upgrade to the Pro as an in app purchase for $1.99. I haven’t purchased the full version so I cannot review that part of the app. It looks as though you can add different voices, create a movie without a pre-selected frame, and will probably get rid of the ads. This only an iPhone or iPod app.
How else can you use this app? Please share and don’t forget… have some FUN!
Jo-Ann Fox